Few weeks ago at work we decided to install Veeam Cloud connect. We had several use cases in mind but with the arrival of the Windows Agent that is Beta now, but soon available, we had more reason than ever to deploy Cloud connect.
Recently at a local Veeam User Group (where I’m one of the leaders) I spoke to Luca Dell’Oca from Veeam about this and following his reference architecture document the installation was mostly straight forward. I wanted to write a blog about the experience and have a diagram of the networking design. The installation for most parts went smooth, but there was a few points that I had trouble with, and to save you the trouble I decided to write this blog.
First step for this installation, as with any installation for that matter is to design the project and create a drawing of network design. The reference documents recommends that you install the services in a 3 tier network where you separate the Cloud Gateway services on a DMZ, have you Veeam management services in an internal network, and then finally have your WAN acceleration and Repository service on a separate internal network. The main reason for having your repository server on a separate network from the Veeam management services is in my view to create a as closed as possible network where the customer data resides.
One thing to point out is also that you most likely have a management Active directory installation where you Veeam management services are, some other services and most likely other monitoring services. You don’t want to use those credentials on the repository server or have direct connection between the management network and the storage network. So use only secure local accounts on the repository server. One major reason for this is crypto locker viruses that are getting more and more aggressive, and keeping the repository services out of reach from “daily” operation of admins helps in this regard.
Even though the Cloud gateway services don’t contain any valuable data, it’s also a good practice to limit the connection from the DMZ to the services network, and there for the Cloud Gateways servers are not AD connected and only have a secure local accounts.
Click on the image for a larger version) Please note all DNS names, IPs, Network names etc., are fictional in this diagram.
Going from top to bottom, explaining the diagram we start with the user. They can be ether using Veeam Backup and Recovery installed at their location or users that have the Windows Agent installed on their servers or laptops. After they have signed up and got a username and password for the service, they connect to the DNS name of the service, in this demo case ” cc.veeam.vblog.is” – By using cc.veeam.vblog.is instead of just Veeam.vblog.is you have a logical DNS name to store you customer portal, product information etc. on a webserver with the DNS name “veeam.vblog.is. The DNS record cc.veeam.vblog.is points to 1 IP address on each of the Cloud gateway servers and by that method it’s DNS round robin load balanced.
The Cloud Gateway servers are on a DMZ and behind your external firewall. Only port TCP/UDP 6180 is open from the internet to those IP’s. The Cloud gateways communicates to the Veeam server on ports TCP 6160-6169, to the WAN accelerator on ports TCP 2500-5000 and Ports TCP 6164-6165, and finally to the Repository server on ports TCP 2500-5000.
Next part of the diagram is the Services network where the Veeam server resides as well as Enterprise manager if used. In this network you most likely have you management service AD installation as well as the database for the Veeam install. You can of course have the database installed on the Veeam server as well, but for larger installations its better separate the roles and have a separate VM running the SQL services.
Communications from the Veeam server to the Cloud gateways servers is on port TCP 2500-5000, but to install the Veeam service in the first place several standard windows ports needs to be open from the Veeam server to the Cloud Gateway servers. Those are TCP/UDP 135,137-139,445
The Veeam server also needs to connect to the WAN accelerator on ports TCP 6150-6164, and again to install the services ports TCP/UDP 135,137-139,445 are needed.
To the repository service, only the installation ports TCP/UDP 135,137-139,445 are needed as there is not data flowing from the Veeam Management service to the repository server.
Then to the Storage network. This network should be closed off as much as possible, and by only allowing the ports needed from the Cloud Gateways to the repository servers and WAN acceleration service, you limit the size of the attack surface. As suggested in Luca’s document, you can even close down the TCP/UDP 135.137-139,445 ports when the installation has finished of the services to make the storage network even more secure.
So into the installation process. In my case I had the management AD service already installed and also my database server. Base installation of the Veeam server is straight forward, and there is no need for me to write how that process goes as many other blogs and documents go through that process. But when finished, you have 4 main tasks to complete.
- Define a Veeam repository. In my case I created a Scale-out repository as my back end storage has 3 data volumes.
- Install the certificate for the Cloud connect service, here I got into trouble, – more on that later
- Add cloud gateway, where you connect the Veeam installation to the Gateway servers on the DMZ, here I also had a problem
- And finally, add tenants, define their quotas, create username and password etc… (easy part)
And now to my problems.
My first problem was with the certificate. I planned to use an existing wildcard certificate we had for the primary domain. I was able to install the certificate, but when I tried to connect to the service with my Veeam Agent or Veeam installation in my lab, I got an error on the certificate, stating that the certificate was not valid and did not contain the subject name of my service. After some troubleshooting I remembered that somewhere I had seen a blog or a tweet and after some research I found more people having the same issue with wildcard certificate.
Then to my next problem. – I got a new certificate with a FQDN in its subject for the service, and tries to install that certificate though the Veeam wizard ” Manage Certificate” but I got an error in the end stating: “Failed to assign certificate toe the Cloud Connect Service:”. At this point, as I had spent a couple of hours on the wildcard certificate, I decided to create a support case with Veeam and get help from them. After a short time I got a phone call from support where we went through the process several times without any luck. He found out that the certificate was installed in the windows certificate store, but the subject name of the certificate was empty. Then the support guy suggested that we could install the certificate directly in windows certificate store, and that we did. Then in the “Manage Certificate” wizard I was able to select an existing certificate, and that went through. – So if you get this problem, – install the certificate to windows, and then import that to the Veeam installation.
And my third and final problem I got when trying to add the Cloud gateway servers to the installation. As far as I could see from the reference architecture document I had asked for the correct ports to be opened in the firewall, but after several retries, and having my network guy look at firewall logs, Port TCP 445 was getting hits, but were not open. When looking at the “Used Ports” webpage on the Veeam help center it correctly lists ports TCP/UDP 135,137-139,445. This was easily fixed and after this I was able to continue on creating tenants.
Overall the experience was pretty straight forward but those 3 issues I had took several hours to go through. – The good part though is that now I got more understanding of the product and could write a meaningful blog post that actually might help someone that is having the same issues I had.
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